This is a two-semester, 10 hours a week course. This subject is
oriented to studies in structure-design, location-relationships
of parts of the human body. It is also designed along the
integrated regional approach of the study of the human body.
Following our objective to
develop a basic physician, Clinical Anatomy is included in the
course where students will have opportunities to apply their
anatomical knowledge in certain common abnormalities and disease
obtaining in our region and country.
Lecture-discussion and dissection
sessions occupy the 8 hours per week for gross anatomy; one hour
a week session will be devoted for clinical anatomy which
includes some basic radiological discussion as they are needed;
and lectures on Embryology and Genetics given one hour a week.
This course in microscopic anatomy is given 4 hours a week for
two semesters divided into lecture- projection-discussion
sessions and microscopic slides. The course introduces the
medical students to the normal structures of the human body and
their physiological functions at the microscopic level. It also
prepares them for the study of the abnormal tissues to be taken
up in General Pathology.
In the laboratory, the students
will be taught how to identify the normal tissues which
comprises the different organs of the body and to associate the
structures they see to their physiological functions.
The course correlates morphological studies (developmental and
functioanl) with neurology, neuro-pathology and neuro-phychiatry.
Actiivties include lectures, projection-discussions and specimen
studies. This will be two-hour-a week one year course.
Malcolm B. Human Neuro-Anatomy. 7th Edition, Baltimore, Williams
and Wilkins. 1976.
Biochemistry & Human Nutrition
This course consists of four hours lecture a week, dealing with
the study of chemical structure of the major body constituents,
the chemical properties of these biological materials as well as
its functions, the mode of synthesis and its catalysis as
carried out by enzymes. Relationships of these chemical
structures and functions to various bio-chemical principles in
analyzing commonly occurring related health problems. As a
consequence there will be a liberal sprinkling of clinical
applications of these bio-chemical mechanisms.
A portion of the entire course
will be lectures on Human Nutrition which will present concepts
of nutrition and the application of these nutritional concepts
to analyze malnutrition problems...
Laboratory exercises will be four
hours a week which will demonstrate the chemical analysis of
biologic materials like blood, urine, etc. and the clinical
applications based on such findings. Animal experiments will
demonstrate why biochemistry is important in health sciences and
will show how biochemical principles are involved in day-to-day
Textbook: Harper, H. "Physiological Chemistry" 17th
References: White, Handler, Smith "Principles of
5th Edition, Lehninger, "Textbook of Biochemistry"
McGilvery. "Biochemistry: a Functional Approach" 2nd
The course is designed to help the students gain a basic
understanding of normal function of the bodily systems to enable
him to apply this understanding rationally in the diagnosis and
management of disease stage.
The course consist of lectures,
laboratory sessions, demonstrations, conferences. in addition,
at least one tutorial session is provided each week with
emphasis on small group instruction.
During the first year, features
of cell physiology and the nervous system which are considered
essential to the comprehension of the organ system emphasized
are the (a) hemtopoietic, (b) respiratory, (c) circulatory, (d)
urinary, (e) digestive and (f) the endocrine systems.
Textbook: Textbook of Medical Physiology, Guyton, A. 6th
1. Review of Medical Physiology; Ganong, F., 9th Edition
2. Physiology Basis of Medical Practice, Best and Taylor;
An introduction to Psychiatry, the study of the human mind and
behavior; the study of personality - its foundational core-its
developmental growth and the various factors influencing its
growth; study of man's adaptive and mental mechanisms.
The course is one-hour-a-week,
one semester study.
Textbook: Kolb, Noyes "Modern CLinical Psychiatry"
References: Kaplan and Friedman "Comprehensive Textbook in
Psychiatry", Vol. I and II.
Preventive and Community Medicine I (1st & 2nd Semester)
The course is designed to help the student understand the
ecologic concept of health and diseases. It will develop the
skills in using statistical methods in the measurements and
understanding of health and diseases in populations. It aims at
helping the student understand the causal factors and mechanisms
of disease occurrence and distribution in population groups,
with a view of identifying the points in the natural history of
diseases, at which preventive measures will be applied most
effectively to avert, delay or interrupt its occurrence.
32 hours (1 hour per week)
lecture, discussion and demonstration.
1. Bancroft, Hudah "Introduction to Biostatistics,"
N.Y. HOeber-Harper, 1957
2. McMahon, Brian and Thomas P. Pugh. "Epidemiology,
Principles and Methods." Boston, Little, Brown, 1970
3. Satwell, P. Maxey-Roseneau's "Medical and Public
Health" 9th Edition, N.Y., Appleton-Century Crofts, 1965 4.
Leavell, Hugh E. and E. Gurney Clark. "Preventive Medicine
for the Doctor of His Community" 3rd Edition, N.Y., McGraw
Second Year Subjects
Preventive and Community Medicine II (Ist & 2nd semester)
This course is designed to acquaint the future physician with
the general setting medical practice by making him aware of the
seven basic health services, environmental and industrial
sanitation problems. It is devoted to the study of the general
principles, thods, techniques and resources for the prevention
and control of communicable diseases, as well as for the
promotion and maintenance of health for the individual family
and community. It develops the competence in defining specific
health problems in Region 8 and formulating approaches to their
32 hours (1 hour per week)
lecture, discussion and demonstration.
1. Bancroft, Huldah "Introduction to Biostatistics,"
N.Y. Hoeber-Harper, 1957.
2. MacMahon, Brian and Thomas P. Pugh. "Epidemiology,
Principles and Methods." Boston, Little, Brown,1970.
3. Sartwell, P. Maxey-Roseneau's "Medicine and Public
Health" 9th Edition, N.Y., Appleton-Century Crofts, 1965.
4. Leavell, Hugh E. and E. Gurney Clark. "Preventive
Medicine for the Doctor of his Community." 3rd Edition,
N.Y. McGraw Hill, 1965
The course is conducted with lectures, actual laboratory work
and demonstrations of the common parasites which a basic
physician encounters later on his future day to day practice.
The morphology, life history and medical as well as public
health importance of the protozoan and helminthic parasites
infecting man are taken up with great shown regularly. Special
and routine techniques used in the laboratory diagnosis of
parasitic infection are dealt with.
Medical Entomology is also included. The morphology, biology and
control of the more important insects and arachnids that cause
or transmit diseases are considered with special emphasis on
flies and mosquitoes.
3 hours lecture and 4 laboratory hours per week.
Textbook: Clinical Parasitology, Craig & Faust.
Reference: Textbook of Parasitology, Belding.
This course introduces the student to the understanding of
infective process. Specific infections and its etiologic agents
particularly the pathogenic microorganisms, viruses and fungi,
methods of cultivation and study, laboratory diagnosis both by
culture and animal experimental infection, techniques of
serology, the concept of immunity and biologic products will be
The field of Immunology which revolves on the study and
understanding of immunity will be emphasized by actual
laboratory exercises and experiments on animal to be done by
5 lecture hours and 5 laboratory
hours per week.
Textbook: Clinical Microbiology, Joklik
Pharmacology and Therapeutics
The course is designed primarily to provide the medical student
an opportunity to establish a sound basis for therapeutics. The
course introduces the student the basic principles necessary for
the rational use of drugs in the prevention and treatment of
Major emphasis is on the
mechanism of action of prototypical drug-the processes involved
in the modification of drugs of the physiological, biochemical
or pathological states of cellular and organ systems.
For every class of drugs, the
other aspects studied are pharmacokinetics, indication for use,
contraindications, adverse effects (toxic and side-effect),
posology and factors affecting doase.
The principles of prescription
writing and the specific regulations concerning dangerous drugs
and narcotics and also taken up.
The course also includes the
principles underlying the recognition and treatment of over
dosage and poisoning.
An aspect which has recently been
given emphasis is the research and investigation of the
therpuetic merits of Philippine Medical Plants.
Textbook: Goth, Andres, "Textbook of Medical
Pharmacology," 9th Edition, 1978.
References: Goodman and Gilman, "The Pharmacological
Basis of Therapeutics," 6th Edition, 1975
This is a full year's course in Anatomic Pathology given in the
second year. It consists of three hours lecture and five hours
laboratory work per week for a total of 288 hours for the whole
year. The student is taught the causes, nature, basic
abnormalities as they present themselves in gross and
microscopic lessons, and the course and effects of disease, both
anatomical and functional. The students are encouraged to have
the basic understanding of the general principles of pathologic
processes in order that they may correlate these lessons with
their work during the clinical years.
Textbook: Pathologic Basis of Disease, Robbins and Cotran.
The general principles of Clinical Pathology (Laboratory
Medicine) is taught as a one semester subject in the second year
as a lecture and laboratory work for a total of 72 hours.
Emphasis is placed in the interpretation and evaluation of
laboratory test results and knowing the clinical application and
limitations of laboratory procedures. The students are
encouraged to develop a discriminating ability regarding the use
of laboratory methods. The laboratory work is designed to
develop the necessary fundamental skills required in the
performance of routine laboratory procedures which a physician
might want to perform in his office, clinic or field station.
Textbook: A Textbook of Clinical Pathology, Miller and
Weller; Clinical Diagnosis by Laboratory Methods, Davidson and
Preventive and Social Medicine I
The course consists of: Human Ecology, Medical Sociology,
Population Dynamics and Basic Biostatics. Its objectives is for
the students to acquire an overall knowledge and understanding
of the inter-related physical, biological, economic and social
determination of health.
Human Ecology deals with study of
the form and development of the community in human population.
Medical Sociology deals with the
Filipino family, their beliefs, customs and practices-in
relation to medical care taken up in population dynamics. Basic
Biostatistics deals with data collection, interpretation of
graphs and tables, determination of health statistics and
computation of simple statistical data.
Activities will include lectures,
discussions, slide projection and community research. This is a
two semester course given one hour per week.
Hawley, "Human Ecology," Bancroft and Huldan. "Inroduction
to Biostatistics," Levell, Hugh. "Preventive Medicine
for the Doctors in his Community"
The subject matter in Surgery I is divided into didactic and the
practical phases. The didactic phase cohrd Principles of Surgery
and Minor Surgery, while the practical phase consists of
demonstrations and atual practice involved in Minor Surgery.
The aim of the subject is to
introduce and acquaint the students taking the subjects with
basic princioles of Surgery and Minor Surgery as a preparation
for more advanced studies in the future Clinical Surgery.
Teaching is effected by
lecture-recitation, demonstration actual practice and the use of
audio-visual and other instructive aids.
"Textbook of Surgery" 11th Edition, Loyal Davis, M.D.
or Latest Edition
The general objectives of the course is to help medical students
to familiarize themselves with the processes of ethical
reasoning specially as it refers to medical situations. More
specific objectives are: (1)To discover the ethical dimensions
of the medical profession as a whole and to point out which
problems and medical genetics raise and moral issues; (2)It
attempts to provide some systematic ways of thinking about moral
issues that have been raised with the goal in mind that the
medical students as physicians of the future will be at a
position to arrive at an ethical medical decision after
considering both the scientific and medical ethical aspects of
the medical encounter.
Perspective in Medicine and History of Medicine
In compliance with the objectives to produce a physician
competent to render primary health care services, this course
will offer the students some insights into the medical
profession by making him/her familiar with multi-faceted aspects
of medical practitioner; by providing the students some
knowledge , philosophy and attitude so that the new medical
graduate will not only be adequate in the scientific background
but will, after training, possess a medicum of socio-politic
cultural desirable qualities that will enhance his/ her becoming
a complete primary care physician.
This will be given one hour per
week or a total of 18 hours during the first semester in the
This course will be given to the second year medical students
for the total of 18 hours. It deals with the study of the
fundamental and the basic principle involved in child care.
Didactic lectures and demonstrations supplemented by
Audio-Visual aids are given.
The course consist of the
following topics: The fields of Pediatrics, Growth and
Developmental Pediatrics including Psychological development,
Practical aspects of Infants and Child Feeding, Nutrition and
its disturbances, Characteristics and problems of various age
group, Genetics, Social and Preventive Pediatrics including
Family Planning and Pediatrics Emergencies.
Textbook: Textbook of
Pediatrics and Child Health. del Mundo; Nelson's Textbook in
This course deals with the basic principles involved in child
care. Didactic lectures, demonstrations and ase presentation are
given, 4 hours a week for one year.
The course consist of the
following topics: Newborn fluids and electrolytes, drug therapy,
Digestive, cardiovascular; Genito-urinary and respiratory
system, Immunity and infectious diseases of the blood,
Lumphatics, skin and Allergy, Endocrine System, Bone and Joints;
CNS, Convulsive disorders and diseases of the muscles.
Demonstration of the care of the
new born, Infant feeding technical procedures, History taking
and interesting cases are shown to the students.
Textbook: Nelson's Textbook on Pediatrics; del Mundo's
Textbook on Pedia; and Child health Infectious Tropical Diseases
by Phil. Pediatrics Society.
Pediatrics Internship (Fourth Year - 2 months)
This covers a period of two months (40 hours a week for 8
weeks). Students will be rotated in the different services in
the department of Pediatrics and will go on 24 hours duty as
Preventive and Community Medicine IV (Fourth Year Ist & 2nd
The will enable the students to assist in the barangay health
development, thru partnership with the barangay health unit,
utilizing the Primary Health Care categories. Emphasis is given
to social preparation of the barangay, developing community
structures, inter and inter-sectoral coordination, provision of
basic health services, active community diagnosis and treatment,
community planning, evaluation and re-direction of projects.